Understanding the Impact of Traumatic Brain Injuries

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) defines a traumatic brain injury as a disruption in the normal brain function caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head. Because a traumatic brain injury (TBI) affects the way the brain works, it can have a serious impact on an individual and their family. The effects of a TBI can be long-lasting and in some cases permanent. It can result in mental and physical disability. Some of the impacts a TBI can have include:

Physical Effects

A TBI can affect an individual’s ability to function physically. These physical effects can include:

  • Difficulty with fine motor skills
  • Problems walking
  • Difficulty talking or swallowing
  • Spasticity (uncontrollable movements)
  • Vision problems
  • Hearing problems
  • Paralysis
  • Seizures
  • Sleep disturbances

These physical effects can result in the need for long term rehabilitation or even complete care. Some of these physical effects can become life-long disabilities that can affect a person’s ability to work or even perform daily tasks.

Cognitive Effects

Often a victim of a TBI will find it more difficult to complete tasks they once found to be routine. For instance, they may have trouble making change at a cash register or be unable to operate household appliances. Problems with executive functioning can be very difficult for a TBI victim to handle. Frequently a TBI victim will suffer from some form of memory loss. They may have trouble remembering things from the past or even what they had for dinner. In extreme cases, they may be unable to remember their loved ones. In some cases, cognitive effects can be severe and result in a person needing 24-hour care and total assistance with their daily living skills. They may no longer be able to work.

A TBI can drastically impact the relationships and dynamics of a family. Family members may find themselves in a new role as a caretaker to the individual with a TBI. In addition, sometimes a TBI can result in personality changes. An individual may no longer act like the person they once were. Many individuals with TBI suffer from depression and anxiety.  They can also become more aggressive and impulsive as a result of the changes to their brain.

Contact a Trusted Attorney

If you or a loved one has experienced a traumatic brain injury as the result of someone’s negligence, you need an attorney who understands the impact this injury can have on your life. At Bonina & Bonina, P.C., we have over 50 years of experience helping injured New Yorkers. Contact us online or call us at 1-888-MEDLAW1 to schedule your free consultation. Home and hospital visits are available. Se habla español.